This work focuses on the criminological construction of the anarchist as a different kind of being, and on the political and historical denial of anarchist thought. It will be explained how early criminological assumptions of the anarchist as ‘the other’ engaged with a broader discourse which legitimated evolutionist social and economic inequities. Theories which eliminated any ‘political’ components of anarchism were initially used by legislators to form exceptional laws aimed at combating this ideological ‘enemy’, and latterly became a bedrock of anti-terror legislation. The article ends with specific reference to Spain where current repression of certain social movements has similarly been based more on ideas than actions.
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